OverviewThe $10 Liberty gold coin, or Coronet, was minted first in 1838 after a 34-year hiatus of other $10 gold coins. Christian Gobrecht’s Coronet design also was used for the $2.50 and $5 Liberty gold coins.
DesignThe obverse (front) shows Lady Liberty with her hair in a tight bun, a few loose curls on her neck. On her head, her coronet is inscribed “Liberty.” Surrounding her are 13 stars for the original 13 colonies and the issue date. The 1838 and early 1839 $10 Liberty gold coins have a slightly different design than those minted afterword. The most prominent difference is the shape of the neck truncation.The reverse shows a proud bald eagle with wings spread, standing among olive branches. The eagle clinches three arrows in his talons and has a shield with stars and stripes. “UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,” the denomination, and the mint mark surround the eagle. $10 Liberty gold coins minted from 1838 and 1866 do not feature “IN GOD WE TRUST.” In 1866, the reverse was modified by adding the motto on a ribbon above the eagle.
MintingThe Philadelphia Mint produced these coins from 1838 to 1907, and the San Francisco Mint produced them most of that time as well. The Carson City Mint began production in 1870, and New Orleans minted them from 1879-1883, and again a few years later. The Denver Mint produced them from 1906 until the $10 Liberty was replaced by the $10 Indian Head gold coin.