OverviewOne of two coins designed by prestigious American sculptor Augustus Saint-Gaudens, the $10 Indian gold coin is one of the United States’ most-beautiful coins. (August Saint-Gaudens also designed the $20 Saint-Gaudens.)
DesignThe obverse (front) shows Lady Liberty with an Indian war bonnet, inscribed “LIBERTY.” Above her head, 13 stars for the original 13 colonies arc. Underneath her is the issue date.The reverse shows a bald eagle puffing its chest among olive branches. “E PLURIBUS UNUM,” Latin for “From Many, One,” is right of the eagle. “UNITED STATES OF AMERICA” is at top, and “TEN DOLLARS” is at bottom. “IN GOD WE TRUST” was added to the coin in mid-1908 by an act of Congress.The most unique feature of the $10 Indian is the raised stars along the edge, rather than a lettered or reeded edge. Coins struck from 1907-1911 feature 46 stars. Two more stars were added in 1912 for the newest states, New Mexico and Arizona.
MintingIn 1907, 500 $10 Indians were struck with a wire rim, giving them more 3-D look. The United States Mint produced all subsequent coins with regular strikes.